Tuesday, 23 May 2017


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including:

living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly called gardening, the art and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRbW3ayDWVQ craft of growing plants with a goal of creating a beautiful environment within the landscape.

natural elements such as landforms, terrain shape and elevation, or bodies of water; and

abstract elements such as the weather and lighting conditions.

Landscaping requires expertise in horticulture and artistic design.


1 Understanding the land

2 Tools

3 See also

4 References

Understanding the land

Construction requires study and observation. It is not the same in different parts of the world. Landscaping varies according to different regions.[1] Therefore, normally local na tural experts are recommended if it is done for the first time. Understanding of the site is one of the chief essentials for successful landscaping. Different natural features like terrain, topography, soil qualities, prevailing winds, depth of the frost line, and the system of native flora and fauna must be taken into account.[2] Sometimes the land is not fit for landscaping. In order to landscape it, the land must be reshaped. This reshaping of land https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRbW3ayDWVQ is called grading.[2]

Removal of earth from the land is called cutting while when earth is added to the slope, it is called filling. Sometimes the grading process may involve removal of excessive waste (landfills), soil and rocks, so designers should take into account while in the planning stage.[3][4]


In the start, the landscaping contractor makes a letter which is a rough design and layout of what could be done with the land in order to achieve the desired outcome.[2] Different pencils are required to make graphics of the picture. Landscaping[5] has become more technological than natural, as few projects begin without bulldozers, lawnmowers, or chainsaws.[1] Different areas have different qualities of plants. Fertilizers are required for this purpose in excess https://www.lowes.com/pl/Lawn-sprinklers-Garden-hoses-accessories-Watering-irrigation-drainage-Outdoors/4294612478 amounts as natural landscaping is done. Some landscapers prefer to use mix gravel with rocks of varying sizes to add interest in large areas.[6]

See also





Landscape architecture

Landscape contracting

Landscape design

Landscape ecology

Landscape engineering

Landscape planning


Sustainable landscaping




^ a b Natural Landscaping: Designing With Native Plant Communities - John Diekelmann, Robert M. Schuster - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

^ a b c Landscaping Principles and Practices - Jack Ingels - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

^ Landscaping - William Slack - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

^ Taylor's Master Guide to Landscaping - Rita Buchanan - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

^ John Smith. "Landscaping by landscape gardeners: Methods and Tactics". New Ways Landscaping Design. Retrieved 2016-06-14.

^ Sharon Cohoon and Jim McCausland. "How to Landscape Gravel - Page 2". Sunset.com. Archived from the original on March 19, 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-10.




Land use






Land management

Sustainable land management


Integrated landscape management

Land grabbing

Land consumption

Land loss

Habitat loss

Illegal construction

Land reclamation

Land rehabilitation

Landscape ecology

Rangeland management

Environmental planning

Leopold matrix

Watertable control

Developed environments

Built-up area



Subdivision (land)

Real estate developer

Land development bank

Land (economics)

Customary land

Related fields


Soil science

Soil compaction

Soil pollution




Urban planning

Infrastruc ture

Urban renewal



Drainage system (agriculture)

Sustainable agriculture

Category Categories: Land use

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Landscaping&oldid=776521820"


Sunday, 14 May 2017

Arsenic Uses

If you are a fan of popular thriller fiction like me, then you must have come across arsenic as a very effective medium for murder by poisoning. This is mainly because white arsenic is odorless and tasteless and is also widely available. But, there are several other uses of arsenic, besides being a rather toxic Sprinkler System Installation Mckinney poison. The atomic number of the chemical element arsenic, is 33 with an atomic mass of 74.92. The density of arsenic is 5.776 grams per cubic centimeter and it is solid at room temperature. Its symbol is As and it has three most common and abundant allotrope. They are, metallic gray arsenic, yellow arsenic and black arsenic. Arsenic is mainly produced as a by-product of smelting concentrates derived from copper, lead and zinc ores. Arsenic is found as a compound and it rarely occurs as a pure element. The chief producer of arsenic is China followed by Peru, Morocco, Namibia, Belgi um, Philippines and Chile. We are going to discuss some uses of arsenic in different fields like medicine, military and other commercial uses.

Some Common Uses of Arsenic

There are http://www.kew.org/ several uses of arsenic in different fields, from agriculture to military.

The primary use Mckinney Sprinkler System of arsenic is for the preservation of wood. Since arsenic is poisonous and it is effective in getting rid of insects, fungi and bacteria, it is used in the treatment of wood. This was one of the most widely used industrial applications of arsenic, although most countries banned its use in consumer products due to its high toxicity.

One of the most important of all arsenic uses is as a doping agent in solid state devices such as transistors. Doping is the process in which an impurity, such as arsenic is added to a semiconductor to increase its conducti vity.

Arsenic, in its inorganic form is used for the production of pressure-treated wood. In wood preservation, chromated copper arsenate is injected into the cellular structure of the wood. Pressure-treated wood is used for commercial, industrial and residential applications including decking, highway noise barriers, landscaping, playground equipment, retaining walls, signposts and utility poles. One of the benefits of using chromated copper arsenate pressure-treated wood is its resistance to rotting and insect attack. The content of chromated copper ar senate in pressure-treated wood is greater where there is higher likelihood of insect infestation. Pressure-treating can increase the wood's life to a great extent.

Arsenic is also used in the leather tanning industry as a preservative. Widely used as a weed killer, it is often sprayed from a small aircraft over fields to destroy any kind of infestation. It is also used as an insecticide as it is effective in treating termite infestation. But due to the growing popularity of organic pesticides, the amount of arsenic used for agricultural purposes have dramatically decreased.

Another use of arsenic is as an anti-friction additive in ball bearings and for hardening lead. Arsenic is also used for manufacturing germanium-arsenide-selenide optical materials. Indium-gallium-arsenide was formerly used for short wave infrared technology.

Arsenic Uses in Medicine

In spite of its toxic properties, arsenic compounds were used in the field of medicine in the 18th and 19th century. Use of arsenic was mostly for the treatment of syphilis, before the discovery of penicillin. Fowler's solution (1% solution of potassium arsenite), discovered in 1786, was used in the treatment of various diseases. Some other arsenic solutions that were used as medicines are arsenic trioxide or Donovan's solution and arsenic trichloride or de Valagin's solution. However, in modern medicine, the use of arsenic for treating certain diseases like cancer is still debatable.

So, we have seen that there are many uses of arsenic besides being the poison of choice for many murders. Several studies have shown a link between arsenic exposure and lung cancer. As it is highly toxic in nature, caution is advised in the use of arsenic.

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/arsenic-uses. html

Friday, 12 May 2017

What Do Garden Snakes Eat? It's Not What You Imagined

Garter snakes, commonly known as 'garden snakes', belong to the family Colubridae. They are commonly found in North America. They are also referred to as 'gardener snakes'. They, like all other snakes, are carnivorous. They are opportunistic feeders. Generally, they tend to eat whatever they can easily overpower. They are immune to the toxic skin secretions of toads and, therefore, can eat toads without any http://www.truevalue.com/thumbnail/Lawn-Garden/Hoses-Watering/Underground-Watering-System/pc/10/c/146/1418.uts harm. Mostly, they catch live prey. However, they may eat eggs and carrion, especially if live prey is not easily available..A typical menu for Garter Snakes would include:Small rodents like mice, rabbits,etc.

Snails and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UBmN2PTUB7w slugs

Leech es


Frogs, tadpoles, and frog spawn


Insects like ants

Small reptiles like lizards

Fish (when living close to water bodies)

Eggs, nestlings and small birds

Garden snakes usually hunt in the early morning, late afternoon and early evening, when the temperature is warm. They find their prey using their good sense of smell. They use various hunting methods such as ambushing, craning and peering, in order to capture the prey. They immobilize their prey with their sharp teeth and quick reflexes. Their saliva may be slightly toxic to some of their smaller prey. These snakes swallow their food whole. If the prey is small, it is immediately swallowed alive. If the prey is large, the garden snake unhinges its jaws to ease swallowing. With this ability, the garden snake can swallow a wide variety of prey.

Owing to the low toxicity of their venom, garter snakes are usually harmless to humans. They, therefore, make good pets. However, venomous or not, it is never a good idea to keep reptiles as pets in households that have small children. Kids https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UBmN2PTUB7w are seldom able to handle these creatures properly and, hence, run a high risk of getting nasty, painful bites.


Thursday, 11 May 2017

50 Landscaping Company Names | hubpages

Landscapers are the elves of Mother Earth, giving her life, keeping her beautiful and healing her wounds. In return, the earth gives high doses of Vitamin D and a way to earn a living.

Seems like quite the beneficial relationship! If professional landscaping is something you are interested in, read on!

Having professional-level equipment and excellent service can help you land some clients, but you'll need something that will lure them in first so they can experience what your company has to offer.

What better way to do this t han to have a great business name? Your name is the first impression you will make on a potential customer, and it could mean the difference between them choosing you or your competitor.

Since most regions have lots of different landscaping companies, you're going to face some stiff competition. You need something that will set you above the rest right off the bat. Your business needs to sound professional as well as unique and catchy!

Here's a list of 50 names to help you get some inspiration.

Brainstorming Tips

When brainstorming, keep the following in mind:

Use your industry: Have a name that indicates what type of company you are, even if you don't say it directly.

Use your specialty: If you specialize in something specific such as landscape design, make this clear since it can help you attract a different set of customers.


Use rhymes: Rhymes just have this way of sticking in someone's head, and the stickier your name, the better!

Use your own name: You own this company, right? Be proud! There is nothing wrong with that. Bonus points if there is a clever way https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKWCB_3nMJg to squeeze it in.

Use your location: Your town or street name could be a good source of identity and inspiration. Be sure it doesn't limit you, however. Who knows where you'll grow!

Keep it simple: Your first or last name + Landscaping is a great name for a company.

Other Things to C onsider

A few more questions to ask yourself when thinking of your name:

Is it brandable? You're competing with some top-dog companies for the spotlight.

Does it have the green light online? Check for available web domains and social networking pages to see how common the name is.

Does it really stand out? Keep in mind your local competition and steer clear of any names that sound similar.

Is it easy for the average person to spell and pronounce? This will help your name be memorable.

What are the most popular or biggest landscaping companies in your region called? Use them as examples of what works.

Now that you know what to look for in a name, it's time for you to start making a list of your own. Write down 100 names and don't stop until you do! Let some of them be bad. It's okay. It's all part of the process.

Decidin g on a Business Name

After you've made a list of potential names, you will then begin to chop and hack away at it to narrow it down to the ones that are really good.

Ask for help if you are the indecisive type; you might be surprised at the ideas in the heads of others! And let's face it, people are pretty opinionated, and this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKWCB_3nMJg is a time when you really want peoples' true opinions.

If all else fails, find inspiration in your work, whether it's cutting grass or planting a new garden. It just might plant the seed that you need to grow a few ideas!


Monday, 8 May 2017

Pick One That is Utility-specific

An important material or part of a sprinkler system is the sprinkler heads. This knowledge comes in handy for people who have houses with giant lawns, or also those who get sprinklers installed as a fire safety precaution.


Installing the right sprinkler system is extremely essential for lawn care. A lawn needs a proper watering and irrigation system for good health and to stay fresh, green, and alive. Manual https://www.pinterest.com/categories/gardening/ watering of a lawn is not an easy task, and neither does it ensure an even distribution of water.

A sprinkler head is a device that is attached at the end of a hose or water pipe, and evenly distributes water to a certain distance. It is small in size with a circular shaped top, and surrounded by a set of thin blades or fins arranged in a circular design. The main purpose of sprinklers is to change the steady stream of water, and discharge it in a circular motion and curved shape from the sprinkler system, so that it reaches the desired distance and spreads evenly without any human intervention.


Sprinkler heads are not only used in lawn sprinkler systems, but also in fire suppression systems. Although the applications Sprinklers are different in both cases, the basic purpose is to distribute the water without any manual or human intervention.

For the Lawn

Rotor Heads: These are used Sprinkler System Installation Flower Mound in large and open areas as they rotate very wide. The distance that the spray of water covers is called 'throw', and the spray range can be adjusted according to the requirement.

Pop Up Rotor Heads: Pop up sprinklers are ones where a lower and wider portion is put into the ground. Here, the upper portion rises above the ground, and the spray of water is discharged when the sprinkler is activated. These are apt for open lawns, sidewalks, and curbs.

Spray Heads: Spray heads are quite common and are ideal for small lawns and shrubs. This is because their throw or spray range remains at a fixed radius, which allows target watering.

Another type is called bubbler, which sprays the http://www.thompson-morgan.com/gardening-information water downwards, so that it waters only the roots without wetting the foliage.

Fire Sprinklers

Fire sprinkler systems are not only used in industrial and commercial establishments, but also in domestic properties to protect the inhabitants, valuable things, and the building from any potential breakout of fire.

ESFR Sprinklers: ESFR stands for Early Suppression Fast Response. These are designed to fight fire in no time and prevent it from getting out of control. The buildings that contain combustible material, or the places where such material is produced, are where ESFR sprinklers would be the most appropriate option.

Suppression Sprinklers: Suppression sprinkler heads spray a finer stream of water, that directly targets a highly combustib le material and suppresses the fire.

Low Pressure Heads: These are specially designed for large buildings and skyscrapers that suffer from low water pressure, making the other types ineffective.

Control Mode Sprinklers: These can be fixed in individual rooms or specific areas. They are very commonly used. They spray water on and also surround the fire-affected area with water, preventing secondary fires from starting.

Others types of sprinklers include decorator sprinklers, extended coverage sprinklers, residential, and water mist sprinklers.